Modular Organization There are also many other classifications, but the above given classifications are the most popular. Though, at the end of this blog post, I will explain the other classifications in brief. Organic or Simple Structure This is the simplest type of organizational structure where you may work alone or side by side. You may be the only employee of your company.
On larger projects, large teams may be needed to accomplish the work within the function. Project Sponsor The project sponsor is outside the day-to-day operations of the project and has the organizational authority to provide resources and overcome barriers for the project.
The project sponsor is typically a leader in the parent organization with an interest in the outcome of the project.
As a leader in the parent organization, the project sponsor can provide input into the project scope and other documents that define project success. Southern Training Center Organization A training organization in South Carolina assigned a project sponsor to every project.
For smaller projects, the regional manager fulfilled the role of project sponsor. On larger, more complex projects, the operations manager was the project sponsor. The vice president was the project sponsor of the three or four most complex projects, and the president was the project sponsor only on projects with a high degree of political risk.
This approach to assigning project sponsors assured that each project had an organizational advocate that could address barriers and provide direction and resources. The project sponsor, in this organization, developed a relationship with a senior representative of the client organization, reviewed monthly reports, and conducted thorough quarterly reviews.
Project Manager Project managers often have the breadth of responsibility associated with corporate chief executive officers CEOs. The project manager facilitates the start-up of a project and develops the staff, resources, and work processes to accomplish the work of the project.
He or she manages the project effectively and efficiently and oversees the closeout phase. Some projects are larger than major divisions of some organizations, with the project manager responsible for a larger budget and managing more risk than most of the organizational leaders.
The function of the project manager can vary depending on the complexity profile and the organizational structure. Defining and managing client expectations and start-up activities, developing the scope, and managing change are functions of the project manager.
On some projects, the project manager may provide direction to the technical team on the project. On other projects, the technical leadership might come from the technical division of the parent organization.
Although the functional responsibilities of the project manager may vary, the primary role is consistent on every project. The primary role of the project manager is to lead, to provide a vision of success, to connect everyone involved in the project to that vision, and to provide the means and methods to achieve success.
The project manager creates a goal-directed and time-focused project culture. The project manager provides leadership. Project Control In general, project controls is both the planning function and the function that tracks progress against the plan.
Project control provides critical information to all the other functions of the project and works closely with the project manager to evaluate the cost and scheduling impact of various options during the life of a project.
Sometimes accounting functions such as payroll, budgeting, and cash management are included within project controls. On larger projects, accounting functions are typically separate because the accounting culture tracks expenses to the nearest penny, and cost estimating and tracking by project controls can often be off by hundreds and sometimes thousands of dollars.
The lack of definitive information necessitates the development of cost estimates within ranges that are often inconsistent with accounting practices. Separating these two functions allows each to operate within their own accuracy comfort zone. The following are typical activities included within the project controls function: Estimating Analyzing trends and making projections Planning and scheduling Managing change Tracking progress against schedule The project controls team gathers this information from all the functions on the project and develops reports that enable each functional manager to understand the project plan and progress against the plan at both the project level and the functional level.
On large complex projects, some project managers will assign project controls professionals to work within the major functions as well as the project management office.
The project controls manager then coordinates activities across functions.Every organization has a structure which depends on the task they are dealing with.
If they are dealing with temporary types of work, they will have a structure which will support recruiting and laying off employees as needed.
A career in business: That’s a dynamic concept that means different things to different people. It covers jobs in organizations from the Fortune to feisty startups, and from mission-driven nonprofits to for-profit corporations as well as the public sector.
Organizational Life-cycle & Decline. An organization undergoes changes in its conceptual and structural dimensions over a period of time, analogous to biological organisms, it is born, and it attains growth, gets matured and eventually dies.
Most research on life-cycle suggest three major growth stages and a decline stage, each has its own conceptual variations and they result in observable. Discuss the nature of emerging organizational structures.
One of the key ideas in total quality management is organizing around processes.
New structures will be characterized by this type of organizing, along with an emphasis on self-managed teams.
Coopersmith Career Consulting, an NCCRS member since June , facilitates the preparation of nontraditional post-secondary students for careers that match their interests and abilities. Coopersmith Career Consulting seeks to enable people whose circumstances make it inconvenient or too costly to achieve a traditional college education to nevertheless achieve training and/or.
When a city doubles in size, the productivity per person increases by 15%.When a company doubles in size, the opposite happens. Companies like Zappos see this as a fundamental problem to solve.
For them, the root lies in organizational structure.