A monocultivated potato field Some people choose to be vegetarian or vegan for environmental reasons. According to a report by LEAD Livestock's Long Shadow"the livestock sector emerges as one of the top two or three most significant contributors to the most serious environmental problems, at every scale from local to global.
Although they argue strenuously for the health benefits of a vegetarian diet, many see good health as a reward for the purity and virtue of a vegetarian diet, or as an added bonus. In my experience, a far more potent motivator among vegetarians--ranging from idealistic college students, to social and environmental activists, to adherents of Eastern spiritual traditions like Buddhism and Yoga--is the moral or ethical case for not eating meat.
Enunciated with great authority by such spiritual luminaries as Mahatma Gandhi, and by environmental crusaders such as Frances Moore Lappe, the moral case against eating meat seems at first glance to be overpowering.
As a meat eater who cares deeply about living The morality of eating dog meat essay harmony with the environment, and as an honest person trying to eliminate hypocrisy in the way I live, I feel compelled to take these arguments seriously. A typical argument goes like this: Chickens are packed twenty to a cage, hogs are kept in concrete stalls so narrow they can never turn around.
Arguing for the Environment The cruelty is appalling, but no less so than the environmental effects. Meat animals are fed anywhere from five to fifteen pounds of vegetable protein for each pound of meat produced--an unconscionable practice in a world where many go hungry.
All too often, so the argument goes, those acres consist of clear-cut rain forests. The toll on water resources is equally grim: Polluting fossil fuels are another major input into meat production.
As for the output, 1. I will not contest any of the above statistics, except to say that they only describe the meat industry as it exists today. They constitute a compelling argument against the meat industry, not meat-eating.
For in fact, there are other ways of raising animals for food, ways that make livestock an environmental asset rather than a liability, and in which animals do not lead lives of suffering.
Consider, for example, a traditional mixed farm combining a variety of crops, pasture land and orchards. Here, manure is not a pollutant or a waste product; it is a valuable resource contributing to soil fertility.
Instead of taking grain away from the starving millions, pastured animals actually generate food calories from land unsuited to tillage. When animals are used to do work--pulling plows, eating bugs and turning compost--they reduce fossil fuel consumption and the temptation to use pesticides.
Nor do animals living outdoors require a huge input of water for sanitation.
In a farm that is not just a production facility but an ecology, livestock has a beneficial role to play.
The cycles, connections and relationships among crops, trees, insects, manure, birds, soil, water and people on a living farm form an intricate web, "organic" in its original sense, a thing of beauty not easily lumped into the same category as a animal concrete hog factory.
Any natural environment is home to animals and plants, and it seems reasonable that an agriculture that seeks to be as close as possible to nature would incorporate both. Indeed, on a purely horticultural farm, wild animals can be a big problem, and artificial measures are required to keep them out.
Nice rows of lettuce and carrots are an irresistible buffet for rabbits, woodchucks and deer, which can decimate whole fields overnight. Vegetable farmers must rely on electric fences, traps, sprays, and--more than most people realize--guns and traps to protect their crops.
If the farmer refrains from killing, raising vegetables at a profitable yield requires holding the land in a highly artificial state, cordoned off from nature. Yes, one might argue, but the idyllic farms of yesteryear are insufficient to meet the huge demand of our meat-addicted society.
Production and Productivity Such an argument rests on the unwarranted assumption that our current meat industry seeks to maximize production. Actually it seeks to maximize profit, which means maximizing not "production" but "productivity"--units per dollar.
In dollar terms it is more efficient to have a thousand cows in a high-density feedlot, eating corn monocultured on a chemically-dependent 5,acre farm, than it is to have fifty cows grazing on each of twenty acre family farms.
It is more efficient in dollar terms, and probably more efficient in terms of human labor too. Fewer farmers are needed, and in a society that belittles farming, that is considered a good thing.
But in terms of beef per acre or per unit of water, fossil fuel, or other natural capital it is not more efficient. In an ideal world, meat would be just as plentiful perhaps, but it would be much more expensive.Jul 23, · The argument for eating dog. By John D.
Sutter, CNN. CNN's photo blog features an essay on the illegal dog-meat trade in you're saying that the morality of . The issue of vegetarianism has been debated over a number of years. I believe that eating meat is immoral and have many ethical, environmental and health reasons to conform to vegetarianism.
Eating animals, another form of life, is wrong; especially when animals raised for food are treated so /5(4).
The most commonly given moral objection to meat-eating is that, for most people living in the developed world, it is not necessary for survival or health; some argue that slaughtering animals solely because people enjoy the taste of meat is wrong and morally unjustifiable.
A yearly dog-eating festival in China has sparked outrage worldwide. But are our buttons being pushed? China's Yulin festival, during which approximately 10, dogs are cooked and eaten, is a.
Dog Meat Debate In The Seoul South Korea Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: “I like eating dog meat soup when I feel burnt out” said a graduate student referring to herself as Yang. This student believes that the soup recharges her energy, aiding her to make it through the intense Seoul summer (Ji-sook, , p.
1). There are particular religions which prohibit eating certain meats or eating meat at all. The religious points of view also cover the topic on the treatment of animals.
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